DEFINITIONS OF URBAN DESIGN ( David GOSLING )
City itself consists of many interdiciplinary actions roll together to unify the different functions of it, such as economics, engineering, sociology etc. Through the periods, theorists described the process according to different realms.
In the modern movement, the functional view has been taken into account which defined the city as a sum of dominant activities and functions, on the other hand we can see “machine for living” which places the city as a part of a larger structure that consists working, shopping, transport, recreational functions inside.
David Gosling discusses the approach to urban design from an architectural way rather than others. “ Typology”, he mentions, to be the major element to compose the city as theyphysically stand in history and create the sense of memory and permanance.
Architecture of different cultural periods and locations determine the forms of the cities, perception angles and formal expressions to individuals with their typological character.
The future directed thoughts of urban design theories are defined by different design approaches according to their major concerns.
The mediation role of urban design takes the inhabitants into account with their ideas and participation process support which results with pushing the repetitional building system out of the line and taking the realisation of individual choices of the inhabitants in. The revitalisation role of urban design is defined to balance the acitons of preventing decrease in attraction of the place and destructions caused by economical forces .Urban design challanges the existing uses and patterns to provide the better. This surely results as change, whether it is re-cycling between the old and proposed of back and future with their reasons, the inversion is in every stage of process with the emergence of the newcomes.
The impressive being of center locations of every city is what makes them desired. These are complex places where the life flows in it, where as well important, these are the general view of the city defining the character of the city.
Derek Walker on the other hand discusses that the existing system of a city is the root of any modification or change that comes after. His idea is related with the assumption the assumption of the functional and spatial matrix idea which would help to form a structure for the city.
The public realm of the city is the ordering system of the city whether public or private every space serves to it, which leads us to “typology” definition which uses architectural characters, spatial properties and formal expression in whole to compose the system.
Gülnur VURUŞKAN - 152002002