24 Mart 2008 Pazartesi

5th week submission

UD 514 Spring’08 IYTE
5th Week Summary Submission

City Shape
Communicating and Evaluating Community Design

This article written by Sherwin Green who is professor of urban planning in the department of urban planning and real estate development, School of Business and Public Management, at The George Washington University, presents a framework or taxonomy for community planners and designers to use to help citizens understand and evaluate community design. It also includes an evaluation guide, which provides a coherent, versatile framework for analyzing community design issues.

In this article, use the term of “communicating” identifies jargon-free and universal language. Skills of designer are always essential. An easily understood terminolgy, however, would encourage public participation in the design process and promote more productive dialogue between designer and designed-for communitiy. Such dialogue could significantly increase the potential for clarifying design issuses and producing good design. Too often professional evaluations of design are nothing more than subjective reactions based on a sophisticated-but poorly articulated-understanding of what works.

Besides “taxonomy” here refers to classification. It is more than a theoretical exercise-a hands-on tool. Also used to structure community design issues or research, to organize concepts and plans, to explain community design and to evaluate existing development s and proposals. This taxonomy can found in approaches of Lynch and Alexander too.

Framework for “evaluation” describes four basic principles of community design;
Function which requires thet the design work effectively for the convenience and comfort of all its users.
Order that assures that users can become oriented to the environment and understand it.
Identity which identifies a visual image of the enviroment that reflects special or unique qualities.
Appeal that characterizes a design that gives pleasure to its users over time.
This process includes taxonomy that defines these, along with explanatory qualities and guidelines and evaluation guide to help participants formulate and structure their responses to places and proposals in terms of the taxonomy.

Evalutioan guide in this article which alike brochure, requires evaluators to decide on the relevance of a wide variety of community design considerations and to organize their responses. The guide consists of 4 step; data, first impression, detailed project evaluation, project relation to context.The five-point check-off rating system allows various evaluations to be easily organized and compared; excellent, good, acceptable, poor and unacceptable.

The ultimate purpose of community design is to improve the function and quality of the built environment. It requires interdisciplinary skills and talents and involves a large clientele. Besides taxonomy attempts to resolve the confusion that is caused by complex and dynamic process of community design involves different voices speaking.

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