Communicating and evaluating community design
Sherwin Grene gives a framework or taxonomy for community planners and designers to help citizens understamd and evaluate community designs. This taxonomy contains clear words for citizens, basic human needs and a broad range of concets from litherature and practice of urban design, pllanning and building arts. This method elicits creative community response and to make easy more informed discussions.
İn spite of the various research in the field, sorely lacking is understandable and coherence terminology in a framework that both designers and citizens can use the communicate ideas about community design.An understandable therminolgy would encourge public participation in the design process and promote more productive dialogue between designers and designed-for community.
Designers and planners still have problems, however, dealing with evaluations of the quality of community design. Too often prefossional evaluations of designs are nothing more than subjective reactions based on sophisticated. Against the subjective reactions, Grene explains framework with four basic principles of community design such as function, order, identity and appeal.And except these principles, taxanomy includes four each qualities and some guides.
Community design emphasizes that people percieve their surroundings in three dimensons, overtime, and mainly from the perspective of the pedestrian.And it is an interdisiplinary process that draws upon and responds to a complex interplay of physical, social, economic, and political foces.Taxanomy includes important criterias:
-to compass broad design consderations
-to avoid jargon
-to creat versatile format
The framework of taxonomy is composed of elements.First of all is the environment and user and describes this with three elements such as mass, paths and spaces.Another one is aesthetic considerations that defines community design a visual experiance. Third element is principles of community that has four principles:
Function requires that the design work effectively fort he convenience and comfort of all its users.
Order assures that users can became oriented to the enviroment and understand it.
İdentity donets a visiual image of the enviroment that reflects special or unique quality.
Appeal characterizes a design that gives pleasure to its users overtime.
Evaluateion guide draws out qualitative responses about well a design responds to the principles.And it includes evaluators to decide on the relevance of a wide variety of community design considerations and to organize their responses.
Evaluation guide consists of four notes such as data, firs impressions, detailed project evaluation and project relation to context. Part of first impressions icludes principles and evoluator must note this quickly. the third part includes principles and relatives them with 16 elements. The last part requires two evaluations that are response tonatural environment and compatibility with built enviroment . A five-point rating scale allows for comparisons between participants observations in the assessment process.The five point check off rating system allows the various evaluations to be easily organized and compared.
Community design must translate utility into art and simultaneously respond to both public and private interests while enduring political, economic and administrative challenges.
İn this paper taxanomy presented attempts to resolve confusions. And generates clearly defined and focused dialogues about community design.