3 Haziran 2008 Salı

8th Week Summary Submission_1

UD 514 Spring’08 IYTE
8th Week Summary Submission

Contexts of Urban Design

In this article discusses a set of broad “contexts”-local, global, market and regulatory-that constrain and inform all areas of urban design action. Although these contexts change over time at any particular moment they are relatively fixed and are typically outside the scope of the urban design practitioner’s influence. Hence, in relation to individual urban design projects and interventions, “they have to be accepted as givens.” In a general sense, however, while urban designer can make decisions about a development’s form or visual appreance, they can not change the fact that it is situated in a particular local and global context, or that it occurs within a market economy that is regulated to a greater or lesser extent.

Local context where urban design actions are involved in public realm most is the site itself. “Local” in urban area, consists of recently; technology, finance, quality, unique, choices of people. When technology is considered, we find commuication and transformation behind. Finance is the case of daily face to face relations either in decentralization and recentralization. The other three; quality, unique, people’s choices are all place matters. It is clear that considerations of context are not just concerned with “place” in a physical sense, but also with the people that create and use built environment. Understanding local sociocultural context and cultural differences allows urban places to be read and understood.

Global actions have local impacts, consequances and wise versa. Global context concerns mainly the effect of global warming, changing climate, insufficient resources. Urban designers need to have regard to social impacts and long-term economic viability, as well as environmental impacts. The problem is the tendency to privalege short term urgent needs at the expense of long term important ones. Keynes commentes that, in the market’s view, “in the long term, we are all dead.” According to Lang, technology will always find an answer, urban designers should take an environmentally position, designing flexible environments that enable facilitate choice of cycling, walking, public transit-even though, in short term, people are likely to continue to use their cars.

In market and regulatory contexts, it is mentioned that we all live in market economies. Urban design actions occur within a context depends on forces of supply and demand. In addition, many decisions in market economy have public concequences are made in the private sector. Public sector is long-term interest, because it is no one’s concern. When we consider about choices, it is easy to find out that we are not free in market economy as it is emerged within choice manuplation . In urban area, especially real-estate, as it attracts capital and privatization, mostly for investor; they have tendency to stay close infrastructure. When we consider politicians point of view, they just get profit short term expectations in election clock.
In conclusion, we find out requirements of urban design that respects to “the glocal contexts and the market and regulatory contexts”

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