This article discusses types of contexts that are local, global, market and regulatory.these are related to alla re of urban desıgn action. At the same time these contexts can be changed over time but they are relatively fived and typically outside the scope of the urban designer. Important point is that they have to be accepted as givens. They also underpin and inform the discussions the dimensions of urban design.however there is an important problem , while urban designers can make discussions about a devolopment’s form or visual appearance, they cannot change the fact that is stiuated in a particular local and global context, or that it occurs whitin a market economy that is regulated to a greater or lesser extent.
local contextUrban design action involves public realm strategy and development of project. These include site and site plus. At the same time these are part of context of area.İn general, the larger the Project, the greater its scope to control or create its own context.Each place’s unique quality can be its most precious design resource, with urban designers frequently operating within established, generally
Complex, and often delicate contexts.Areas of highly unified character generally requare more respectful responses, while areas of low environmental quality offer greater opportunity for the creation of new character.Most areas fall between these extremes. Equally, while not of particular historic or aesthetic quality, they may also be valued for their social or cultural qualities.
The concept of context requare not only immadiate surroundings but also whole city.İt included topography, land value, patterns of land use and microclimate, history and symbolic significance etc.İmportant point is that understanding local sococultural contexts and cultural differences.Because people use the built envoroment. On the other hand, people choices create distinctive local cultures that shape and reinforce their enviroments.And the other one is technology that provides new opportunities.However we are less conscious of it is actually happining and more aware in retrospect.
global contextlocal and global are related to eachother. Local actions have global impacts and consequences, while global actions have local impacts and consequances. Local and global contexts have dialectical relationship. this article discusses impact on design decisions at many levels that are the integration of new development with existing built form and infrastructure, the range of uses a development contains, site layout and design and the design of individual buildings.
the concept of sustainable development includes not only environmental, but also economic and social sustainability.Urban designers need to have regard to social impacts and long term economic viability, as well as environmental impacts.
Adevelopment’s environmental impact can be likened to footprint.More sustainable urban design involves reducing the total environmental footprint.consequence Lang assuming that thecnology will always find an answer, urban designers should take an envirimentally begin position, designing flexible. Even thought, in the short term, people are likely to continue to use their cars.
The market& regulatory contextİn these two context contexts focus on different sides of the same coin. As most of us live in market economies, most urban design actions occure within a context based on fundemental forces of supply and demand.Hence, urban design actions typically occur in market economies that are regulated to a greater or lesser extent.
To operate effectively, urban design practitioners need to understand the financial and economic processes by which places and developments came about.
The regulatory context is macro govermental context, which provides the overall context fort he detailed elaboration of public policy, includibg urban design policy and the operation of design control.
An important part of the regulatory context is the balance public and private sectors. Depending on the sectoral viewpoint, development will often be perceived differently.